Insulin Treatments for Type I and II Diabetes

Insulin Treatments for Type I and II Diabetes

Insulin is one of the most crucial hormones that is produced by the pancreas in the human body. Abnormal insulin levels may result in a lot of problems and hence keeping them in check is important. For patients suffering from diabetes, the pancreas do not function properly and the insulin levels go haywire, thereby affecting the glucose levels of the body.

External insulin is required for patients who have diabetes and consequently, much higher glucose levels. The different types of insulins include:

  • Rapidly acting insulin
  • Regular or short-acting insulin
  • Insulin that acts at intermediate levels
  • Insulin that may last for an entire day

Read on to learn about the different insulin levels recommended for patients with type I diabetes and patients with type II diabetes.

Insulin for type I diabetes
When it comes to type 1 diabetes, there is no option but to take insulin. In this particular chronic condition, the pancreas makes less to no insulin, resulting in a need for help through external measures. Since this needs to be taken on a daily basis, here are the main types that may be administered for treating type I diabetes.

  • Regular or short-acting
    This insulin may take 30 to 60 minutes to become functional. It is taken before a meal and its effects last longer as compared to the rapid-acting insulin.
  • Rapid-acting
    This type of insulin is taken 15 minutes before a meal and it helps the body digest and it also processes the carbohydrates as it immediately acts on the body.
  • Pre-mixed
    Depending on the severity of the case, the doctor may prescribe you with a combination of insulin in order to get better results.
  • Others
    The other two types of insulin which perform depending upon the duration that they take for acting in the body are long-acting and intermediate-acting.

Insulin for type II diabetes
People who have type II diabetes suffer from high glucose levels and they need adequate insulin levels to control it. For proper type 2 diabetes treatment, you first need to start with medication and exercise and ensure that you lose enough weight. But, more often than not, patients need external insulin levels to control their diabetes. Following is all the crucial information related to insulin management in type 2 diabetes patients.

Administering short-term insulin for type 2 diabetes
A blood test known as the hemoglobin A1C is used to get a hold of the average glucose levels of the body over a duration of two to three months. As per the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), a person needs to get onto controlling insulin levels via injection if the result of this test is around nine percent. This is given in the initial phase when symptoms start to show. It is a course for two to five weeks and has a good success rate for people who have the initial phase wherein the remission rates are quite low too. According to a study, it is seen that after three months, roughly 66% of patients were in remission while for a duration of six months, around 59% of patients continued to experience remission.

Administering long-term insulin for type 2 diabetes
If diabetes is not controlled in the initial phase, then it will come back later wherein insulin levels will become crucial. This happens because the functioning of the pancreas deteriorates over the years and even with multiple medications, the A1C range cannot be kept in control. Hence, this long-term insulin becomes more of a companion for life and needs to be taken regularly for keeping blood sugar levels in control.

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